Synthesis, Electronic Structure, Molecular Packing/Morphology Evolution, and Carrier Mobilities of Pure Oligo-/Poly(alkylthiophenes)

Zhang, L. and Colella, N. S. and Liu, F. and Trahan, S. and Baral, J. K. and Winter, H. H. and Mannsfeld, S. C. B. and Briseño , A. L.. (2013) Synthesis, Electronic Structure, Molecular Packing/Morphology Evolution, and Carrier Mobilities of Pure Oligo-/Poly(alkylthiophenes). Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135 (2). pp. 844-854.

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Monodispersed conjugated oligothiophenes are receiving attention in fundamental and applied science due to their interesting optical, optoelectronic, and charge transport properties. These ``low molecular weight'' polymers serve as model structures for the corresponding polymer analogues, which are inherently polydispersed. Here we report the synthesis, electronic structure, molecular packing/morphology, and charge transport properties of monodispersed oligothiophenes with up to six didodecylquaterthiophene (DDQT) building block repeat units (i.e., 24 thiophene units). At the point where the effective conjugation length is reached, the electronic structure showed convergence behavior to the corresponding polymer, poly(3,3 ''-didodecyl-quaterthiophene) (PQT-12). X-ray crystal structure analysis of the dimer (DDQT-2) showed that terminal thiophenes exhibit syn-conformations, similar to the terminal syn-conformations observed in the trimer (DDQT-3). The dimer also exhibits a rare bending of the terminal alkyl side chains in order to prevent steric hindrance with neighboring hydrogens attached to core thiophenes. Grazing incidence X-ray scattering measurements revealed a morphology evolution from small molecule-like packing to polymer-like packing in thin films, with a morphology transition occurring near the effective conjugation length. Charge transport measurements showed a mobility increase with decreasing chain length. We correlated the molecular packing and morphology to charge transport and determined that carrier mobilities are most sensitive to crystallinity and crystal grain misorientation. This indicates that molecular weight is not a decisive factor for improved carrier mobility in the low molecular weight region, but rather the degree in crystallinity and in-plane crystal orientation. These results represent a fundamental advancement in understanding the relationship between conjugation length and carrier mobilities in oligothiophene semiconductors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0Zhang, Lei Colella, Nicholas S. Liu, Feng Trahan, Stephan Baral, Jayanta K. Winter, H. Henning Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B. Briseno, Alejandro L.
Collections: Nanomanufacturing Research Collection > Nanomanufacturing Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers > Center for Hierarchical Manufacturing
Depositing User: Robert Stevens
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2014
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:21

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