Ethylene Glycol Oxidation at Pt/TiO2/Carbon Hybrid Catalysts Modified Glassy Carbon Electrodes in Alkaline Media

Corchado-García, Juan and Cabrera, Carlos R.. (2014) Ethylene Glycol Oxidation at Pt/TiO2/Carbon Hybrid Catalysts Modified Glassy Carbon Electrodes in Alkaline Media. Electrocatalysis, 5 (4). pp. 402-407. ISSN 1868-2529

Full text not available from this repository.


Biomass-based fuels in conjunction with direct alcohol alkaline fuel cells are an emerging technology that may be able to wean us of our dependency of fossil fuels. However, their adoption is stalled by their high production costs (i.e., precious metal loading) and low electrocatalytic efficiencies. In this study, the platinum loading of 20 % Pt/C catalyst for use in ethylene glycol electrooxidation was reduced by mixing with TiO2 nanopowder in different mass ratios. This was followed by surface activation and cyclic voltammograms of the hydrogen adsorption and Pt oxide potential regions in 0.1 M KOH showed peak potential changes that are attributed to platinum interactions with TiO2. The catalysts were further tested for the electrochemical oxidation of ethylene glycol in alkaline media, where the titanium-modified catalysts showed a maximum increase in peak current density by 91 %, when compared to the commercial Pt/C catalyst. When the peak current was normalized by Pt surface area and mass, a maximum increase of 322 % was found. Tafel plot analysis showed increased exchange currents for the rate determining step of ethylene glycol oxidation at Pt/TiO2/C hybrid catalysts up to 7.35 × 10−7A/cm2. This is nearly 8.7 times larger than, 8.47 × 10-8A/cm2, the ethylene glycol exchange current density for the rate determining step in commercial Pt/C catalysts. Finally, chronoamperometric studies showed that the hybrid catalysts possessed increased stability and activity for ethylene glycol electrooxidation in 0.1 M ethylene glycol in 0.1 M KOH at an applied potential of −0.350 V vs. Ag/AgCl. This study shows that TiO2 can modify the platinum surface catalyst activity without the need of a TiO2 support. This avoids loss in electrical conductivity of the catalyst and lowers the total catalyst mass without sacrificing catalytic mass activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethylene glycol, Electrocatalysis, Pt/TiO2
InterNano Taxonomy: Areas of Application > Energy and Utilities
Areas of Application > Materials and Chemical Industries and Green Manufacturing
Collections: Nanomanufacturing Research Collection > Nanomanufacturing Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers > Center for Hierarchical Manufacturing
Depositing User: Robert Stevens
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2015 18:45
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2015 18:45

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item