Environmental Assessment of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Processes

Healy, Meagan L. and Dahlben, Lindsay J. and Isaacs, Jacqueline A.. (2008) Environmental Assessment of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Processes. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 12 (3). p. 376. ISSN 10881980

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The environmental assessment of nanomanufacturing during the initial process design phase should lead to the development of competitive, safe, and environmentally responsible engineering and commercialization. Given the potential benefits and concerns regarding the use of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), three SWNT production processes have been investigated to assess their associated environmental impacts. These processes include arc ablation (arc), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and high-pressure carbon monoxide (HiPco). Without consideration of the currently unknown impacts of SWNT dispersion or other health impacts, life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used to analyze the environmental impact and provide a baseline for the environmental footprint of each manufacturing process. Although the technical attributes of the product resulting from each process may not be fully comparable, this study presents comparisons that show that the life cycle impacts are dominated by energy, specifically the electricity used in production. Under base case yield conditions, HiPco shows the lowest environmental impact, while the arc process has the lowest impact under best case yield conditions.

Item Type: Article
InterNano Taxonomy: Environment, Health, and Safety > Environmental Impact
Nanomanufacturing Processes > Deposition of Nanostructured Films or Nanostructures
Nanoscale Objects and Nanostructured Materials > Nanotubes > Carbon nanotubes
Collections: Nanomanufacturing Research Collection
Depositing User: Moureen Kemei
Date Deposited: 10 May 2010 22:09
Last Modified: 10 May 2010 22:09
URI: http://eprints.internano.org/id/eprint/454

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